What is regenerative medicine?
Regenerative medicine aims to restore and repair tissue function via the interplay of living cells, an extra-cellular matrix and cell communicators.
“Tissue Regeneration”, “Tissue Engineering”, and “Regenerative Medicine” are related terms and sometimes used interchangeably.
Where does regenerative medicine fit into modern medical practice? Current traditional approaches to treat medical diseases include:
· Drugs, hormones, and enzymes
· Prosthetic substitution
· Surgical reconstruction
· Organ transplantation
These methods are all considered essential, but have their limitations. For example, drugs have unwanted side effects, prosthetics are not biologically active and do not integrate or remodel into the body, surgery is invasive, and organ transplantation is limited by donor availability and toxic immunosuppressive cocktails.
Regenerative medicine is an emerging revolutionary approach in modern medicine as it delivers living tissue, stimulating the body’s own natural healing process by activating the body’s inherent ability to repair and regenerate. Innovative regenerative medicine therapies are now available that aim to heal or reconstruct diseased tissue and support the regeneration of diseased or injured organs.
Doctors use regenerative medicine to speed up healing and to help injuries that will not heal or repair on their own. Regenerative medicine may help heal broken bones, severe burns, chronic wounds, heart damage, nerve damage, and many other diseases.
Regenerative medicine is a multidisciplinary field involving biology, medicine and engineering.